JSON stands for JavaScript Object Notation. It is a format for structuring data. This format is used by different web applications to communicate with each other. JSON is the replacement of the XML data exchange format in JSON. It is easy to struct the data compare to XML. It supports data structures like arrays and objects and the JSON documents that are rapidly executed on the server. It is also a Language-Independent format that is derived from JavaScript. The official media type for the JSON is application/json and to save those file .json extension.